Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are transmitted by vaginal, anal or oral sex. Symptoms can range from mild irritation to severe pain. Some may have no symptoms at all. Some STDs can be treated and cured, others cannot. Tests can be done to diagnose infection.Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are caused by bacteria. Symptoms can include vaginal itching, burning or discharge, painful urination, pelvic pain, redness or swelling of the vulva, or vaginal bleeding between periods. This can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can affect the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries (sometimes causing infertility). Both of these bacteria can be treated with antibiotics. We recommend an infected patients partner be treated prior to resuming intercourse to prevent re-infection.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
There are over 100 types of this virus, with usually no symptoms. A few types can cause genital warts, requiring treatment by your doctor. The virus can remain in the body for weeks or years, with some types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer.
This is caused by a bacteria that can affect many parts of the body, causing major health problems. Signs and symptoms may be painless, smooth sores on the vagina, anus, rectum, lips or mouth. Without treatment with antibiotics, the initial symptoms may go away, but the disease will remain and can progress.
The most common symptom is a single (or several) tender sore on or around the genitals, appearing as red spots, bumps or blisters, lasting a few days to a few weeks. These may go away by themselves, but may come back at any time. Treatment can help the sores resolve, but cannot kill the virus. It is possible to transmit the infection with out knowing it.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
This virus can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) by entering the blood stream by body fluids, blood or semen, killing cells in the immune system. There is no care for HIV, but treatment may prevent or delay the onset of AIDS.
This is a microscopic parasite whose symptoms may include itching, vaginal discharge, vaginal odor, pelvic pain or no symptoms at all. Oral treatment is available for the patient and her partner.
This virus (A, B&C) affects the liver and can spread by direct contact with body fluids. There is no vaccine available to help prevent Hepatitis B, but none for Hepatitis C. Some people can develop long term health problems such as liver damage.